NEURO LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING (NLP)
Neuro linguistic programming was co-created by John Grinder, a linguist and Richard Bandler, a Mathematician in the mid 1970’s.Neuro linguistic programming describes the fundamental dynamics between mind and language(linguistic) and how their interplay effects our body and behavior(programming).That is, the name NLP symbolizes the relation between brain language and the body.
· Neuro - understanding body and its functions
· Linguistic - communication aspects.(verbal and non verbal)
· Programming - behavioral patterns.
NLP encompasses the three most influential components involved in producing human experience: neurology, language and programming. The neurological system regulates how our bodies function, language determines how we interface and communicate with the other people and our programming determines the kinds of models of the world we create.
NLP is based on two fundamentals
1. As human beings, we can never know reality; we can only know one perception of reality. It is our Neuro linguistic map of the reality that determine how we behave and that give those behavior meaning not reality itself. It is generally not realities that limit us or empowers us, but rather our map of reality.
2. The process that take place within a human being and between human beings and their environment are systematic .Our bodies ,our societies and our universe from complex systems and subsystems all of which interact with and mutually interact influence each other. It is not possible to completely isolate any part of the system from the rest of the system.
All the models and techniques of NLP are based on the combination of these two principles, that is, it is not possible for human beings to know objectives reality-to derive a right or correct map of the world. The goal of NLP is to create the richest map possible.
The people who are more effective are the one who have a map of the world that allow them to perceive the greatest number of available choice and perspectives. NLP is a way of enriching the choices that you have and perceive as available in the world round you.
NLP is a pragmatic school of thought an epistemology that is the study of the origin and the structure of knowledge itself.
NLP provides tools and skills for the development of individual excellence, establishes a system of empowering beliefs and pre- supportions about what human beings are, what communication is and what the process of change is all about, it is about self discovery, wisdom and vision.
NLP claims to help people change by teaching them to program their brains .we are given brains, but no instruction manual. NLP offers you a user manual for the brain, which is referred to as software for the brain
NLP emphasis on teaching a variety of communication persuasion skills and using self hypothesis to motivate and change oneself. NLP is a major therapeutic tool and an instrument for a personal effectiveness and excellence. NLP can enhance all aspect of our life by improving our relationships with loved ones, learning to teach effectively, gaining a storage sense of self esteem, greater motivation, better understanding of communication, enhancing your career and an enormous amount of other things which involve your brain.
b). THE TECHNIQUES OF NEURO LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING
NLP proposed a number of simple techniques involving maching, pacing and leading for establishing rapport with people. There are a number of techniques explored in NLP ,that are supposed to be beneficial in building and maintaining rapport such as :maching and pacing non verbal behavior(body- posture, head position, gestures, voice tone and so forth) and maching speech and body rhythms of others(breathing, pulse and so forth).
Anchoring is the process by which a particular state on response is associated (anchored) with a unique anchor. An anchor is most often a gesture, voice tone or touch but could be any unique visual. auditory, kina esthetic, oil factory or gustatory stimulus. It is claimed that by recalling past resourceful states one can anchor those states to make them available in new situations. A psychotherapist might anchor positive states like calmness and relaxation or confidence in the treatment of phobias and anxiety such as in public speaking. Proponents state that anchors are capable of being formed and reinforced by repeated stimuli and thus are analogous to classical conditioning.
Swish is a novel visualization technique for reducing unwanted habits. The process involves disrupting a pattern of thought that usually leads to an unwanted behavior such that it leads to desired alternative. The process involves visualizing the trigger or ‘cue image’ that no normally leads to the unwanted behavior pattern, such as a smoker’s hand with a cigarette moving towards the face. The cue image is then switched a number of times with a visualization of a desired alternative, such as a self-image looking resourceful and fulfilled. The swish is tested by having the person think of the original cue image that used to lead to the undesired behavior by presenting the actual cue such as cigarette to the client, while observing the responses. If the client says resourceful then the process is complete. The name swish comes from the sound made by the practitioner /trainer as the visualizations is switched. Swish also make use of sub modalities, for example, the internal image of the unwanted behavior is typically shrunk to a small and manageable size and desired outcome is enhanced by making it brighter and larger than normal. The swish was first published by Richard Bandler.
4. RE FRAMING:
In NLP, reframing is the process where by an element of communication is presented so as to transform an individual perception of the meanings or “frames ”attributed towards phrases and events. By changing the way the event is perceived responses and behaviors will also change. Reframing with language allows you to see the world in different way and this change the meaning. Reframing is the process of joke, myths, legends, fairy tales and most creative way of thinking.
5. ECOLOGY AND CONGRUENCY:
Ecology in NLP deals with the relationship between client and his or her natural, social and created environments and how a proposed goal or change might retreat to his or her relationship and environment. It is a frame within which desired outcome is checked against the consequences ,client’s life and mind as a systematic processes. It treats the clients relationship with self as a system and his or her relationship with others as subsystems that interact .So when some one considers a change it is important therefore to take into account the consequences of the system as a whole like gestalt therapy. A goal of NLP is to help the client choose goals and make change that achieve a sense of personal congruency and integrity with personal and other aspect of the client life.
6. PARTS INTEGRATION:
Parts Integration creates a metaphor of different aspects of ourselves which are in conflict due to different goals, perceptions and beliefs. ‘Parts integration’ is the process of identifying these parts and negotiating with each of these parts separately together, with a goal of resolving internal conflict. Parts integration appears to be modeled on ‘parts’ from family therapy and has similarities to ego-state therapy in psycho analysis in that it seeks to resolve conflicts that constitute a ‘family of self’ within a single individual
c)USES OF NLP
In contrast to mainstream psychotherapy, NLP does not concentrate on diagnosis, treatment and assessment of mental and behavioral disorders. Instead, it focuses on helping client to overcome their own self perceived or subjective problems. It seek to do this while respecting their own capabilities and wisdom to choose additional goals for the intervention as they learn more about their problems, and to modify and specify those goals further as a result of extended interaction with a therapist. The two main therapeutic use of NLP are , use as an adjunct by therapists practicing in other therapeutic
disciplines, or as a specific therapy called Neuro-linguistic psychotherapy(NLP).
2.INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS AND PERSUASION:
While, the main goals of Neuro-linguistic programming are therapeutic, the patterns have also been adapted for use outside of psychotherapy including business communication, management training, sales, sports and interpersonal influence.
NLP claims to help people change by teaching them to program their brains.
1. Educational psychology :Dr. K. Sivarajan
PREPARED BY :SUMI. M. A